About the Judicial Council

 

The Judicial Council was developed in support of recent constitutional amendments that aim to augment the authority and independence of the judicial branch in Jordan. The presence of the Judicial Council further strengthens the importance of creating a democratic society governed by a separation of powers.

Jordan’s Judicial Council represents the judiciary’s highest administrative body and has the legal authority to oversee the affairs of all judges in the country on matters related to: employment, discipline, accountability, transportation, promotions, loans, mandates and retirement.

As a policy-making body, the Judicial Council has a demonstrated interest and commitment to enhancing the development of Jordan’s judiciary.  The Judicial Council’s primary role is to help the Judiciary prepare draft laws and regulations by submitting legislative proposals related to litigation procedures, the judiciary and public prosecution. Jordan’s Judicial Council is composed of 11 member judges, including:

   1-   President: President of the Cassation Court

   2-   Vice President: President of the Supreme Court of Justice

   3-   President of the Public Prosecution of the Cassation Court

   4-   The two most senior judges in the Cassation Court

   5-   The Presidents of the Appeal Courts of Amman, Irbid, and Ma'an

   6-   Senior inspectors in the regular Courts

   7-   Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice

   8-   The President of the First Instance Court

At the invite of the Council’s President, the Judicial Council meets at the Cassation Court in the Palace of Justice in Amman, or elsewhere, and as determined by the President. A minimum number of seven Judicial Council members are required to attend each meeting in order to have the meeting deemed legal. Judicial Council decisions are issued by reaching a consensus or an absolute majority from all members.  When votes however are equal, the senior most judges from the Cassation Court join the Council to intervene as voting members.

In the absence* of the President of Judicial Council, the Vice President assumes the role of the President and meets the necessary requirements. Should both the President and Vice President be absent, then, the senior most member takes over. If the President of the Public Prosecution were unable to attend a meeting, the Chief Prosecutor of Amman would take his place. If any Cassation Court members are absent, the senior most available member would be able to replace him. Finally, and also in the case of the absence of the Inspector or the President of the Appeals Court, the next and senior most member would serve as a substitute.

*The meaning of the word ‘absence’ here means the legitimate absence from the job or a vacancy.